Sentencing Council members
The Right Honourable the Lord Burnett of Maldon, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
Lord Burnett was called to the Bar in 1980, becoming a pupil and then a member of Temple Garden Chambers, where he practised until May 2008, for the last five years as head of Chambers. His practice was in common law and public law. He was junior counsel for the Crown, Common Law from 1992 and was appointed as a Queen’s Counsel in 1998. Appointed as a Recorder in 2000, he sat as a part-time judge in the Crown Court trying criminal cases. On appointment to the High Court in 2008 Lord Burnett joined the Queen’s Bench Division hearing civil law, and public law cases in the Administrative Court, trying serious crime out of London and sitting in the Court of Appeal, Criminal Division. In 2009 Lord Burnett was appointed Deputy Chair of the Security Vetting Appeals Panel. He was Presiding Judge of the Western Circuit from 2011 until 2014 and was then appointed to the Court of Appeal. He was the judge of the Court of Appeal with responsibility for extradition cases and was also supervising Lord Justice for immigration and public law appeals. Lord Burnett was appointed the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales in October 2017.
The Right Honourable Lord Justice Holroyde
Tim Holroyde was appointed as Chairman of the Sentencing Council by the Lord Chief Justice, with the agreement of the Lord Chancellor, in August 2018. He was reappointed as chairman in July 2021.
He was called to the bar by Middle Temple in 1977. He practised on the Northern Circuit, taking silk in 1996. Throughout his career as a barrister, he prosecuted and defended in criminal cases of all kinds.
He was appointed an Assistant Recorder in 1994 and a Recorder in 1997. He was appointed a High Court Judge in January 2009 and was a Presiding Judge of the Northern Circuit for the period 2012-2015. He was Course Director of the Judicial College’s Serious Crime Seminar from 2011 to 2015, and the judge in charge of the list of terrorism offences from 2016 to 2017. In October 2017 he was appointed as a Lord Justice of Appeal.
He was originally appointed to the Sentencing Council on 6 April 2015.
Rosina Cottage QC
Rosina Cottage has been a barrister since 1988, practising in criminal law, and is a Tenant at Red Lion Chambers. She was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 2011 and appointed Crown Court Recorder in 2012.
She was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 18 July 2016 with specific responsibility as the Council’s defence representative, providing the perspective of those representing defendants within the criminal justice system.
Her Honour Judge Rebecca Crane
Rebecca Crane was called to the Bar by Gray’s Inn in 1998. She practised mainly in criminal law on the Midland and South Eastern Circuits. She was appointed a Deputy District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) and Crown Court Recorder in 2009 and a District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) in 2011. As a District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) she was authorised to hear serious sex cases in the Youth Court, prison adjudications, extradition cases and terrorism matters. She was appointed a Circuit Judge in 2019 and is based at Northampton Crown Court.
She was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 1 April 2017.
Her Honour Judge Rosa Dean
Rosa Dean was called to the bar in 1993 and practiced mainly criminal law on the Midlands and South Eastern Circuits. In 2006 she was appointed as a Deputy District Judge (crime) and in 2011 became a Circuit Judge. She is the resident judge at Harrow Crown Court.
She was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 5 April 2018.
Nick Ephgrave is Assistant Commissioner for Frontline Policing in the Metropolitan Police (Met). He was appointed to that post in March 2020, having previously served as AC for Met Operations and, prior to that, as Chief Constable of Surrey Police. His extensive police career spans 30 years and includes a number of senior operational roles. As a Chief Officer, Nick has national portfolio responsibility for criminal justice.
As policing member of the Council, Nick brings senior policing expertise to the development of sentencing guidelines and helps to make sure they are informed by current offending trends, the practical challenges faced in bringing offenders to justice and a police perspective on public concerns about particular types of offending.
Nick was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 26 May 2020.
District Judge Michael Fanning
Mike was admitted as a solicitor in 1993 and spent his time in practice in Cumbria engaged almost exclusively in criminal defence work, establishing his own firm in 2003. He was a duty solicitor, magistrates’ courts and higher courts (criminal) advocate. He was appointed as a Deputy District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) in 2009, and as a member of the Solicitors’ Disciplinary Tribunal in 2010. Appointed to London as a District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) in 2012, he moved to West Yorkshire in 2014. He now works between the magistrates’ and youth courts of that area but maintains his links to the capital, sitting as an extradition judge there on a regular basis. He is also a prison adjudicator. He was appointed a Recorder of the Crown Court in 2019.
Mike was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 1 September 2019.
Diana Fawcett is Chief Officer of Victim Support. She joined the charity as Director of Operations in February 2015 and became Chief Officer in January 2018. Before joining Victim Support, Diana was Director of Operations at Shelter for seven years where she was responsible for the charity’s advice and support services. She has also worked for four London boroughs and three housing associations, managing housing, development and care services. She has been Chair of Trustees of a charity in south London providing advice and support to refugees since 2013.
Diana was appointed to the Council on 5 April 2019 and has specific responsibility for promoting the welfare of victims of crime.
The Right Honourable Lord Justice Fulford
Adrian Fulford was called to the Bar in 1978 and he took silk in 1994. He was appointed as a Recorder of the Crown Court in 1995. He became a judge of the High Court on 21 November 2002. He was assigned to the Queen’s Bench Division. He was elected to serve as one of the 18 judges of the International Criminal Court in 2003 for a term of nine years, and was assigned to the Trial Division. He was sworn into office on 11 March 2003, and in due course he was elected President of the Trial Division. Until he began presiding over the Lubanga Case (the ICC’s first trial) in 2005, he continued working as a High Court judge, presiding over a number of high-profile cases, including the 21/7 failed London bombers.
He was a presiding judge of the South Eastern Circuit from 2009 until he was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal on 10 May 2013, and became the Deputy Senior Presiding Judge for England and Wales on 1 January 2015. He served as the Senior Presiding Judge from 1 January 2016 until 31 March 2017. He was the judge in charge of IT and he led for the judiciary on HMCTS Reform. He sat on the HMCTS Board and was a member of the Judicial Executive Board.
On 27 February 2017, Sir Adrian was appointed to the role of the first Investigatory Powers Commissioner to provide judicial oversight of the use of investigatory powers by public authorities.
He was appointed as Vice President of the Court of Appeal Criminal Division on 20 October 2019.
Max Hill QC
Max Hill QC is the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP). He was appointed by the Attorney General and took up post on 1 November 2018.
Max was born in Hertfordshire in 1964. He attended state primary schools and, following a family move to Northumberland, the Royal Grammar School in Newcastle upon Tyne. He won a scholarship to study Law at St Peter’s College, Oxford 1983-6. He qualified as a barrister in 1987 and was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 2008.
While at the bar, Max both defended and prosecuted in complex cases including homicides, violent crime, terrorism, high value fraud and corporate crime. He was instructed in many of the most significant and high-profile murder trials in recent years, including the second set of trials concerning the killing of Damilola Taylor, and the London bombings of 2005.
From March 2017 to October 2018 Max was the Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation. As the Independent Reviewer, he compiled reports including an investigative review of the use of terrorism legislation following the Westminster Bridge attacks.
Max was also the Leader of the South Eastern Circuit from 2014 to 2016, Chairman of the Criminal Bar Association from 2011 to 2012, and Chairman of the Kalisher Trust from 2014 to 2018. Until his appointment as DPP Max was Head of Red Lion Chambers.
He was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 1 November 2018.
Jo King JP
Jo King was appointed to the Sussex Central Bench in 2002 and has sat in the adult, youth and family jurisdictions. Jo has extensive leadership experience in the magistracy at bench, regional and national level. She is currently the lead magistrate on Reform and co-chair of the Magistrates’ Engagement Group, sitting on a number of HMCTS Reform programmes. She is a member of the Surrey and Sussex Advisory Committee, the South East Region Conduct Committee and Judicial Conduct and Investigations Office disciplinary panels. Jo has held a number of positions locally and nationally within the Magistrates’ Association, including membership of judicial policy committees.
Jo was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 8 October 2020.
The Honourable Mrs Justice May
Juliet May worked as a forensic clinical psychologist before re-training as a barrister. She was called to the Bar (Inner Temple) in 1988, becoming a bencher in 2010. Her practice was in commercial work, particularly banking and insurance, at 3VB. She became a recorder in 2001, a chair of Mental Health Tribunals in 2002 and took silk in 2008, being appointed to the Circuit Bench later the same year. From 2008 to 2015 she sat in crime at Wood Green and Southwark Crown Courts and in civil at Central London County Court. She was appointed a deputy High Court Judge in 2013 and to the High Court Bench (Queen’s Bench Division) in December 2015. She is the Senior Presiding Judge on the Western Circuit.
Dame Juliet was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 8 October 2020.
The Honourable Mrs Justice McGowan
Maura McGowan was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple in 1980 and took Silk in 2001. She was appointed an Assistant Recorder in 1997 and as a Recorder in 2000. In 2013 she became Chair of the Bar Council. She was appointed as a High Court Judge in 2014.
She was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 2 January 2017.
Dr Alpa Parmar
Alpa Parmar is a Socio-Legal Scholar of Criminal Justice at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford who specialises in the intersections of race and criminal justice. She has conducted a range of empirical research projects and published on minority ethnic groups and their experiences of the criminal justice process. Alpa was a member of the advisory group for the Restorative Justice Council’s project on the experiences of BAME groups and she served as an academic expert on the Lammy Review. She holds a doctorate from Cambridge University and was previously British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Kings College, London.
Alpa was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 6 April 2018.
Beverley Thompson OBE
Beverley Thompson has spent over 30 years working in the criminal justice sector initially as a probation officer in London. She was Director for Race, Prisons and Resettlement Services at NACRO for 10 years and is currently an Independent consultant having recently worked on a Lammy-related project for HMPPS. She works across the UK, Australia, USA & Canada on Equality, Diversity & Inclusion strategies. Prior to this, she was a Senior Civil Servant at HMPS and was awarded an OBE for services to Race Equality in 2000. Furthermore, she has been the Chief Executive of Northampton Probation Service.
She was appointed to the Sentencing Council on 15 June 2018.